Trong công tác học môn giờ đồng hồ Anh lớp 9, mệnh đề quan liêu hệ là một trong những điểm ngữ pháp cơ bản nhưng lại vô cùng quan trọng. Đây là kiến thức nền tảng giúp đến các chúng ta có thể tiếp nhận kiến thức ở công tác THPT.

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I. KIẾN THỨC

Mệnh đề dục tình (Relative Clause) hay có cách gọi khác là mệnh đề tính ngữ (adjectives clauses). Đây là mệnh đề phụ dùng để thay nỗ lực hay vấp ngã nghĩa mang lại danh từ đứng trước nó và được ban đầu bằng những đại từ quan hệ tình dục (relative pronouns) như: who, which, that, whom, whose. Hay những trạng từ tình dục như why, where, when.

WhoThay cố cho danh trường đoản cú chỉ người, who cai quản ngữ hoặc tân ngữ vào câu. Sau Who là một trong V.
WhomBổ sung cho danh trường đoản cú chỉ người, Whom làm tân ngữ trong câu. Đằng sau Whom là một trong mệnh đề (S +V).
WhoseThay thế tính từ cài đặt và sở hữu cách của danh từ phía trước. Đằng sau Whose là 1 trong những mệnh đề (S+V).
WhichThay thế cho những danh từ bỏ chỉ sự vật, sự việc, hiện tượng. Which thường cai quản ngữ hoặc tân ngữ vào câu. Sau Which hoàn toàn có thể là V hay là mệnh đề (S +V).
ThatThay chũm danh từ chỉ người, sự vật, vấn đề hoặc trong phép so sánh nhất. That hay sửa chữa thay thế cho Who, Which, Whom ở hầu hết mệnh đề quan hệ giới tính xác định.
WhenMệnh đề chỉ thời gian. Sau đó có thể là V hoặc một mệnh đề.
WhereMệnh đề chỉ chỗ chốn. Sau đó hoàn toàn có thể là V hoặc mệnh đề.

II. BÀI TẬP MỆNH ĐỀ quan lại HỆ LỚP 9

Bài 1: Chọn giải đáp đúng nhất giữa những câu sau:

1. Mr. Ken, …………. Is living next door, is a dentist.

A. That B. Who C. Whom D. What

2. The man ………….she wanted to lớn see her family.

A. Which B. Where C. Whom D. Who

3. The woman ………….came here two days ago is her professor.

A. Who B. That C. Whom D. What

4. Freedom is something for ………….millions have given their lives.

A. Which B. Where C. Whom D. Who

5. Blair has passed the exam last week, ………….is great news.

A. Who B. That C. Which D. Whom

6. The film about ………….they are talking about is fantastic.

A. Who B. Which C. Whom D. That


8. I live in a pleasant room ………….the garden.

A. Lớn overlook B. Overlooking C. Overlooked D. Which overlooking

9. The pilot was the only man ………….after the crash.

A.was rescued B. Rescued C. Rescuing D. Lớn be rescued

10. I’ll see you near the post office ………….we met the other day.

A. Which B. Where C. When D. Why

11. The man…………. Lives behind my house is a doctor.

A.that B. Who C. Which D. Whom

12. The old building………….is in front of my house fell down.

A. Of which B. Which C. Whose D. Whom

13. Her computer ………….was my friend’s got broke.

A. Which B. Whom C. Who D. That

14. Her grandmother, ………….is 70, often takes exercise.

A. What B. Who C. Where D. Which

15. The really happy people are those ……enjoy their daily work

A. What B. Who C. Which D. Where

16. My girlfriend loves tokbokki, ………….is Korean food.

A. Which B. Where C. Whom D. Who

17. The book ………….is in the car is his brother’s.

A. Who B. That C. Which D. Whom

18. Peter, ………….I played video clip games with on the weekend, was younger than me.

A.that B. Who C. Which D. Whom

19. The people ………….for the bus in the rain are getting well.

A. Waiting B. Lớn wait C. Waited D. Wait

20. I have a message for people ………….by the traffic chaos.

A. Khổng lồ delay B. Who delay C. Delayed D. Who delaying

Đáp án:

1. B2. C3. A4. A5. C6. B7. D8. B9. D10. B
11.B/D12. B13. D14. B15. B16. A17. C18. B/D19. A20. C

Bài 2: Điền vào vị trí trống với các đại từ quan lại hệ: Who, Whom, Whose, Which, That, Where…

1. The men ………….lives next-door are English.

2. Vì chưng you know the girls ………….are standing outside the church?

3. The chocolate ………….you like comes from the United States.

4. A burglar is someone ………….breaks into a house và steals things.

5. I can’t find the key ………….opens this door.

6. I don’t like the boy ………….Sue is going out with.

7. The man ………….she is going to lớn marry is very rich.

8. He wore a mask ………….made him look like Mickey Mouse.

9. The man ………….mobile was ringing did not know what to lớn do.

10. The woman ………….daughter was crying tried khổng lồ calm her down.

11. The family ………….car was stolen last week is the Smiths.

12. A bus is a big car ………….carries lots of people.

13. Children ………….like music are often good at mathematics.

14. The girl ………….recited the poem is my niece.

15. The Pacific Ocean, ………….might have been crossed by raft during the Stone Age, is the world’s largest ocean.

16. The parents thanked the woman………….had saved their son

17. Two men, neither of ………….I had been before, came into my office.

18. He ate the food ………….no one else wanted

19. The village …………. I ran out of petrol didn’t have a petrol station

20. John sold his computer, …………. He no longer need, to his cousin

21. The dictionary ………….you gave me is very good.

22. The police are looking for the thieve ………….got into my house last night.

23. I have lost the necklace ………….my mother gave me on my birthday.

24. Buses ………….go to lớn the airport run every half hour.

25. I gave you a book ………….had many pictures.

26. Did you see the beautiful dress ………….she wore yesterday.

27. This is the ngân hàng ………….was robbed yesterday.

28. He arrived with a friend ………….waited outside in the car.

29. The car ………….the robbers escaped in was a BMW.

30. The postman ………….works in the village is very old.

31. The cowboy ………….is wearing a red shirt looks very funny.

32. The volunteers, ………….enthusiasm was obvious, finished the work quickly.

33. The engineers ………….designed the building received an award.

34. The townspeople, ………….pride in their community is well- known, raised enough money to lớn build a new town hall.

35. The newspaper to ………….we subscribe is delivered regularly.

36. The factory …………. Closed last week had been there for many years

37. I like the ice-cream …………. They sell in that shop

38. John has got a new smartphone phone …………. Takes photos

39. The job for …………. She has applied is in London

40. Teddy has two cars, one of …………. Is very expensive.

Đáp án:

1. Who2. Who3. Which4. That5. Which
6. Who7. Whom8. Which9. Whose10. Whose
11.whose12. Which13. Who14. Who15. Which
16. Who17. Whom18. Which19. Where20. Which
21. Which22. Who23. Which24. That25. Which
26. Which27. Which28. Who29. Which30. Who
31. Who32. Whose33. Who34. Whose35. Which
36. That37. Which38. That39. Which 40. Which

Bài 3: Sử dụng những mệnh đề quan hệ nối hai câu sau thành một câu gồm nghĩa

1. The first boy has just moved. He knows the truth.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

2. They called a doctor. He lived nearby.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. The only thing is how lớn go home. It make me worried.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

4. Linh liked the waiter. He was very friendly.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

5. He was Tom. I met him at the bar yesterday.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

6. Tía dropped a cup. It was new.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

7. They are looking for the man & his dog. They have lost the way in the forest.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

8. I live in a city. It is in the north of Vietnam.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

9. My wife wants you to lớn come to lớn dinner. You were speaking lớn my wife

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

10. The woman works in a hospital. She is from India.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

11. The students will be awarded the present. The students’ reports are very valuable.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

12. The man was rude. He was wearing a red shirt.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

13. The botanist will never forget the day. He found a strange plant on that day.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

14. The TV got broken. It was my grandfather’s.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

15. The man works for my father’s company. The man’s daughter is fond of dancing.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

Đáp án:

1. The first boy who knows the truth has just moved.

2. They called a doctor who lived nearby.

3. The only thing which make me worried is how to go home.

4. Linh liked the waiter who was very friendly.

5. The man whom I met at the bar yesterday was Tom.

6. Bố dropped a cup which was new.

7. They’re looking for the man & his dog that have lost the way in the forest.

8. I live in a city that is in the north of Vietnam.

9. My wife, whom you were speaking to, wants you to come to lớn dinner.

10. The woman who is from India works in a hospital.

11. The students whose report are very valuable will be awarded the present.

12. The man who was wearing a red shirt was rude.

13. The botanist will never forget the day when he found a strange plant.

14. The TV that was my grandfather’s got broken.

15. The man whose daughter is fond of nhảy đầm works for my father’s company.

Xem thêm: Soạn Bài Tập 1 Trang 135 Ngữ Văn 10 Tập 1, Soạn Bài Thực Hành Phép Tu Từ Ẩn Dụ Và Hoán Dụ

Bài 4: sử dụng who/ which/ that/ where… Đặt một câu ở mệnh đề sản phẩm hai giữa những câu dưới đây

1. I went lớn see a doctor. She had helped my father

I went khổng lồ see the doctor ……………………………………………

3. Mary was wearing the red dress. It was made in France

Mary was wearing the red dress ……………………………………………

5. John is one of my closest friends. I have known him for three years

John is one of my closest friends ……………………………………………

7. Ann talked to a man. He won a lot of money

Ann talked lớn the man……………………………………………

9. He is an architect. He designed the new city library

He is the architect ……………………………………………

2. A woman wrote khổng lồ me. She wanted my advice

The woman ……………………………………………

4. We stayed at Sofitel hotel. Mark recommended it to us

We stayed at Sofitel hotel ……………………………………………

6. New york is one of the largest cities in the USA. My sister is living there

New York is one of the largest cities in the USA……………………………………………

8. The couple has got a married again. Their divorce was in the newspapers

The couple ……………………………………………

10. Jerry sent me a letter. It was very funny.

Jerry sent me the letter ……………………………………………